SAFETY, FAIRNESS & CLOSURE
These broader political methods usually focus on conciliation, preventing future problems, rather than on focused dispute resolution of one matter.
One can reasonably see mediation as the simplest of many such processes, where no great dispute exists about political context, where jurisdiction has been agreed, whatever process selected the mediator is not in doubt, and there is no great fear that safety, fairness and closure guarantees will be violated by future bad-faith actions.
Assuming some warranty of safety, fairness and closure, then the process can reasonably be called "mediation proper".
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